Wireline log stratigraphy of the lower Cambrian Formation, Bornholm, Denmark

Arne Thorshøj Nielsen, Kurt Klitten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

A detailed correlation of the lower Cambrian Læså Formation on southern Born-holm, Denmark, is based on gamma ray and formation resistivity wireline logs from 25 water supply wells and 5 scientific boreholes. The interpretation hinges on comparison with the wireline log suite obtained in the fully cored Borggård-1 borehole that penetrated the formation in its entirety. The Norretorp Member, 102.9 m thick in Borggård-1, consists predominantly of intensively bioturbated siltstone. Several levels are strongly glauconitic and usually also contain phosphorite nodules. Fine-grained sandstone beds, 0.5–20 cm thick and interpreted as tempestites, occur throughout the unit; a few thicker sandstone layers consist of stacked tempestites. However, many sandstone beds, primarily in the upper 2/3 of the member, have been partly or totally obliterated by the pervasive bioturbation. The overlying Rispebjerg Member, 3.5 m thick in Borggård-1, is dominated by well-cemented medium to coarse-grained quartz sandstone. The variable lithology of the Læså Formation is illustrated by photos of core samples from Borggård-1. The studied wells are located on different fault blocks with 18 km between the easternmost and westernmost well sites. The Norretorp Member is of almost similar thickness throughout the study area whereas the Rispebjerg Member is 2.2–5.6 m thick. The essentially unchanging thickness of the Læså Formation and the sheet-like distribution of tempestites demonstrate that the intense faulting of southern Bornholm post-dates deposition. The Norretorp Member is divided into a lower log-unit (57 m thick in Borggård-1) characterized by a moderately variable gamma ray log pattern and an upper log-unit (46 m thick in Borggård-1) exhibiting a more uniform gamma radiation of overall lower intensity. The log-units reflect a more common occurrence of glauconite and phosphorite in the lower part of the member and a higher sand content in the upper part. These lithological differences are also reflected by a generally higher resistivity and P-wave velocity in the upper log-unit. Seven thicker sandstone horizons (15–80 cm thick), labelled S1 to S7, are laterally persistent within the Norretorp Member. Four additional horizons, referred to as MGL [multiple gamma low], MGH [multiple gamma high], MM [middle marker] and GH [gamma high], are also laterally wide-spread. A readily identifiable red-brown horizon is located at 4.4–5.9 m above the base of the Læså Formation in Borggård-1: it appears to be developed throughout the study area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-205
Number of pages31
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark
Volume72
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Bornholm
  • Denmark
  • Lower Cambrian
  • Læså Formation
  • wireline log correlation

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 2: Water Resources

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