Triclosan affects the microbial community in simulated sewage-drain-field soil and slows down xenobiotic degradation

Hanne Svenningsen, Trine Henriksen, Anders Priemé, Anders R. Johnsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effects of the common antibacterial agent triclosan on microbial communities and degradation of domestic xenobiotics were studied in simulated sewage-drain-field soil. Cultivable microbial populations decreased 22-fold in the presence of 4 mg kg−1 of triclosan, and triclosan-resistant Pseudomonas strains were strongly enriched. Exposure to triclosan also changed the general metabolic profile (Ecoplate substrate profiling) and the general profile (T-RFLP) of the microbial community. Triclosan degradation was slow at all concentrations tested (0.33–81 mg kg−1) during 50-days of incubation. Mineralization experiments (14C-tracers) and chemical analyses (LC–MS/MS) showed that the persistence of a linear alkylbenzene sulfonate (LAS) and a common analgesic (ibuprofen) increased with increasing triclosan concentrations (0.16–100 mg kg−1). The largest effect was seen for LAS mineralization which was severely reduced by 0.16 mg kg−1 of triclosan. Our findings indicate that environmentally realistic concentrations of triclosan may affect the efficiency of biodegradation in percolation systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1599-1605
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume159
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Ibuprofen
  • LAS
  • On-site percolation
  • Sewage
  • Triclosan

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 2: Water Resources

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