Triassic lithostratigraphy of the Wandel Sea Basin, North Greenland

Morten Bjerager, Peter Alsen, Jussi Hovikoski, Sofie Lindström, Anders Pilgaard, Lars Stemmerik, Jens Therkelsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Wandel Sea Basin in eastern North Greenland forms the northern continuation of the offshore Danmarkshavn Basin and the conjugate margin to the western Barents Shelf south of Spitsbergen. The Triassic succession of eastern North Greenland, up to 700 m thick, spans the Induan (Dienerian) – Norian. The Triassic sediments rest unconformably on Upper Carboniferous and Upper Permian sediments, and are unconformably overlain by Upper Jurassic – Lower Cretaceous deposits. Based on recent fieldwork in the Wandel Sea Basin, five new and revised Triassic formations are described and included in the Trolle Land Group (revised). The Lower Triassic (Induan) Parish Bjerg Formation (revised) consists of marine sandstones, fluvial conglomerates and sandstones, and muddy flood-plain deposits. It is conformably overlain by Lower Triassic (Dienerian – lower Spathian) offshore mudstones with minor sand-dominated intervals of the Ugleungernes Dal Formation (new). The upper Spathian to Ladinian Dunken Formation (revised) is represented mainly by marine sandstones. A marked erosional unconformity characterises the base of the overlying Upper Triassic (Carnian – Norian) Storekløft Formation (new) composed of marginal marine to marine, massive sandstones and conglomerates as well as cross-bedded and biomottled marine sandstones and minor mudstone units. The Isrand Formation (mainly Middle Triassic) consists of laminated mudstones with minor thin sandstone units that were deposited in slope and basin floor settings in the eastern deeper part of the Wandel Sea Basin in Kronprins Christian Land. The Triassic succession of the Wandel Sea Basin represents a well-constrained shallow shelf to deep shelf / basin floor transect and thus forms an excellent outcrop analogue to the time-equivalent intervals in the western Barents Sea basins and the Danmarkshavn Basin offshore North-East Greenland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-105
Number of pages23
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark
Volume67
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • Greenland
  • Kronprins Christian Land
  • Lithostratigraphy
  • Palaeogeography
  • Peary Land
  • Sedimentology
  • Triassic

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 3: Energy Resources

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