Timing, petrogenesis, and setting of granites from the southern Beishan late Palaeozoic granitic belt, Northwest China and implications for their tectonic evolution

Wen Zhang, Victoria Pease, Qingpeng Meng, Rongguo Zheng, Tonny B. Thomsen, Cora Wohlgemuth-Ueberwasser, Tairan Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Late Palaeozoic granites are widely distributed in the southeastern Beishan area, which is located in the central part of the southern Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB). U-Pb zircon dates of five late Palaeozoic granitic plutons from the southeastern Beishan area yield Permian ages: 285 ± 2 Ma (Shuwojing and Western Shuwojing plutons), 269 ± 3 Ma (Jianquanzi and Jiuquandihongshan plutons), and 260 ± 1 Ma (Jiujing pluton). The early Permian Shuwojing pluton, an unfractionated calc-alkaline biotite monzogranite with slightly positive εNd(t) (+0.7 and +0.6) and low initial 87Sr/86Sr (0.70722 and 0.70712), and the early Permian Western Shuwojing pluton, a high-K calc-alkaline biotite granite with slightly negative εNd(t) (-0.2 and -0.1) and low initial 87Sr/86Sr (0.70390 and 0.70919), are likely derived from a mixture of depleted (juvenile) mantle and upper continental crustal (or sedimentary) material. The mid-Permian Jianquanzi and Jiuquandihongshan monzogranites have highly fractionated potassium-rich calc-alkaline characteristics with negative εNd(t) (-4.3) and very high initial 87Sr/86Sr (0.71949), reflecting a continental crustal component. The compositionally diverse Jiujing pluton and the granodiorite and high-Sr monzogranite phases display adakite-like compositions with relatively low εNd(t) (-0.1 and -2.2) and high initial 87Sr/86Sr (0.70822 and 0.70913). The Jiujing low-Sr monzogranite has higher initial 87Sr/86Sr (0.73464) and lower εNd(t) (-2.8), indicating a significant continental crustal component in its genesis. This work, combined with the regional geology and previous studies, suggest that the early to middle Permian southern Beishan plutons formed in a post-collisional environment, probably an intracontinental rift environment linked to asthenospheric upwelling in response to the break-off of a subducted slab. In the late Permian, the southern Beishan area was in a compressive tectonic regime and thickening of the continental crust resulted in the formation of the Jiujing adakite-like granite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1975-1991
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Geology Review
Volume57
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Beishan
  • Central Asia Orogenic Belt
  • geochemistry
  • granite
  • late Palaeozoic
  • post-collisional
  • U-Pb zircon geochronology
  • LA-ICP-MS

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Timing, petrogenesis, and setting of granites from the southern Beishan late Palaeozoic granitic belt, Northwest China and implications for their tectonic evolution'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this