The European FP7 ULTimateCO2 project: A comprehensive approach to study the long term fate of CO2 geological storage sites

P. Audigane, S. Brown, A. Dimier, J. Pearce, P. Frykman, N. Maurand, Y. Le Gallo, C.J. Spiers, H. Cremer, H. Rutters, T. Yalamas

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper at conference


The European FP7 ULTimateCO2 project aims at significantly advance our knowledge of specific processes that could influence the long-term fate of geologically stored CO2: i) trapping mechanisms, ii) fluid-rock interactions and effects on mechanical integrity of fractured caprock and faulted systems and iii) leakage due to mechanical and chemical damage in the well vicinity, iv) brine displacement and fluid mixing at regional scale. A realistic framework is ensured through collaboration with two demonstration sites in deep saline sandstone formations: the onshore former NER300 West Lorraine candidate in France (ArcelorMittal GeoLorraine) and the offshore EEPR Don Valley (former Hatfield) site in UK operated by National Grid. Static earth models have been generated at reservoir and basin scale to evaluate both trapping mechanisms and fluid displacement at short (injection) and long (post injection) time scales. Geochemical trapping and reservoir behaviour is addressed through experimental approaches using sandstone core materials in batch reactive mode with CO2 and impurities at reservoir pressure and temperature conditions and through geochemical simulations. Collection of data has been generated from natural and industrial (oil industry) analogues on the fluid flow and mechanical properties, structure, and mineralogy of faults and fractures that could affect the long-term storage capacity of underground CO2 storage sites. Three inter-related lines of laboratory experiments investigate the long-term evolution of the mechanical properties and sealing integrity of fractured and faulted caprocks using Opalinus clay of Mont Terri Gallery (Switzerland) (OPA), an analogue for caprock well investigated in the past for nuclear waste disposal purpose: - Characterization of elastic parameters in intact samples by measuring strain during an axial experiment, - A recording of hydraulic fracture flow properties by loading and shearing samples in order to create a “realistic” fracture, followed by a gas injection in the fracture plan, - An assessment of temperature influences on carbonate and water content which affect carbonate bearing fault gouge using shear experiments at 20C and 120C on simulated fault gouges prepared by crushed OPA samples. To evaluate the interactions between CO2 (and formation fluids) and the well environment (formation, cement, casing) and to assess the consequences of these interactions on the transport properties of well materials, a 1:1 scale experiment has been set in the OPA to reproduce classical well objects (cemented annulus, casing and cement plug) perforating caprock formations (OPA). Innovative probabilistic modelling tools are also under development in order to build robust calibration methods for uncertainty management of the simulated long term scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2013
EventAGU Fall Meeting 2013 - San Francisco, California, USA
Duration: 9 Dec 201313 Dec 2013


ConferenceAGU Fall Meeting 2013
CitySan Francisco, California, USA

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 3: Energy Resources


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