The Eurasian Arctic: Glacial landforms from the Younger Dryas (12.9–11.7 ka)

Lis Allaart, Henry Patton, Mariana Esteves

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in bookResearchpeer-review


The Younger Dryas (12.9–11.7 ka) is considered the last cold period at the transition from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene. The cooling was likely forced by a weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation by a freshwater release from the Laurentide ice sheet, but the glacial and geomorphological imprints across Europe and the High Arctic were very different. Distinct ice-marginal Younger Dryas landforms are found in Scandinavia and Central Europe, but in the Eurasian Arctic Younger Dryas ice-marginal deposits are sparse and this discrepancy has challenged the research community for decades. In recent years a number of ice-marginal deposits dated to the Younger Dryas chronozone have been identified on Svalbard and in the waters around, however their lack of synchronicity may indicate that these suggested readvances were driven by internal glacier dynamics rather than atmospheric forcing.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean Glacial Landscapes
Subtitle of host publicationThe Last Deglaciation
EditorsDavid Palacios, Philip D. Hughes, José M. García-Ruiz, Nuria Andrés
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-323-91899-2
ISBN (Print)978-0-323-98511-6
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • glacial readvance
  • Heftyebreen
  • ice-marginal landforms
  • isostatic rebound
  • raised beaches
  • Storfjorden
  • Svalbard
  • Vedde Ash
  • Younger Dryas

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate


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