Soil domain and liquid manure affect pesticide sorption in macroporous clay till

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8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pesticides frequently leach through clayey tills, even when they are expected to be strongly adsorbed. In this study, we observed that sorption of two strongly sorbing pesticides, tebuconazole and glyphosate, varied by more than an order of magnitude across soil domains in 5-m-deep clay till profiles with biopores and fractures. Eight soil domains were identified in each of the profiles: five matrix soils and three in the macropores. Tebuconazole sorption was controlled by soil organic matter content, except in the reduced matrix, which was low in organic matter, where there was surprisingly high sorption. Glyphosate showed high variation in sorption between fractures and matrix soil from the same depths. The domain-specific sorption of both tebuconazole and glyphosate was, however, overruled by dilute liquid manure. Sorption of tebuconazole was, as expected, decreased by liquid manure in several domains, but tebuconazole sorption increased in a few domains due to sorption of the manure-derived organic matter itself. Liquid manure unexpectedly had a greater effect on glyphosate sorption, which was strongly decreased by dissolved organic matter and phosphate in the manure. The variation in sorption across domains, as well as the effects of liquid manure, should be taken into account when assessing leaching risks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-155
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Environmental Quality
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 2: Water Resources

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