Shale creep as leakage healing mechanism in CO2 sequestration

Pierre Cerasi, Elisabeth Lund, Marta Laukeland Kleiven, Anna Stroisz, Srutarshi Pradhan, Claus Kjøller, Peter Frykman, Erling Fjær

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in journalpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments on shale specimens targeted creep deformation in order to investigate whether this mechanism could be relied upon to close fractures and stop leakage near injection wells. Uniaxial compression tests were conducted with stress ramp up paused near expected failure stress of the tested shale and additional deformation, interpreted as initial creep deformation, was logged. The tests were repeated on shale samples exposed to HCl acid solutions, simulating expected pH conditions near the well upon exposure to injected CO 2. The purpose of the tests was to compare the creep propensity of the material after possible dissolution of load-bearing minerals, to the virgin case. The results show slight enhancement of creep deformation. Exposure to super-critical CO 2 on the same shale was carried out on hollow cylinder plugs, with radial closure of the borehole measured under radial stress conditions. Results show a doubling in radial deformation when compared to control tests with brine exposure. Finally, analyses of synchrotron beam tomography images were performed to quantify volume change between shale specimens preserved in oil and specimens exposed to HCl, showing that total volume increased by 9%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3096-3112
Number of pages17
JournalEnergy Procedia
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Event13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies - Lausanne, Switzerland
Duration: 14 Nov 201618 Nov 2016
Conference number: 13


  • Creep
  • fracture healing
  • shale
  • super-critical CO

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 3: Energy Resources


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