Sedimentary Ancient DNA From the Subarctic North Pacific: How Sea Ice, Salinity, and Insolation Dynamics Have Shaped Diatom Composition and Richness Over the Past 20,000 Years

H. H. Zimmermann, K. R. Stoof-Leichsenring, S. Kruse, D. Nürnberg, R. Tiedemann, U. Herzschuh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We traced diatom composition and diversity through time using diatom-derived sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) from eastern continental slope sediments off Kamchatka (North Pacific) by applying a short, diatom-specific marker on 63 samples in a DNA metabarcoding approach. The sequences were assigned to diatoms that are common in the area and characteristic of cold water. SedaDNA allowed us to observe shifts of potential lineages from species of the genus Chaetoceros that can be related to different climatic phases, suggesting that pre-adapted ecotypes might have played a role in the long-term success of species in areas of changing environmental conditions. These sedaDNA results complement our understanding of the long-term history of diatom assemblages and their general relationship to environmental conditions of the past. Sea-ice diatoms (Pauliella taeniata [Grunow] Round & Basson, Attheya septentrionalis [Østrup] R. M. Crawford and Nitzschia frigida [Grunow]) detected during the late glacial and Younger Dryas are in agreement with previous sea-ice reconstructions. A positive correlation between pennate diatom richness and the sea-ice proxy IP25 suggests that sea ice fosters pennate diatom richness, whereas a negative correlation with June insolation and temperature points to unfavorable conditions during the Holocene. A sharp increase in proportions of freshwater diatoms at ∼11.1 cal kyr BP implies the influence of terrestrial runoff and coincides with the loss of 42% of diatom sequence variants. We assume that reduced salinity at this time stabilized vertical stratification which limited the replenishment of nutrients in the euphotic zone.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020PA004091
JournalPaleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bacillariophyceae
  • DNA metabarcoding
  • glacial/interglacial transition
  • northwestern Pacific
  • richness
  • sedaDNA

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate

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