Rare Earth Element resources in Europe and particularly the Nordic countries

Martiya Sadeghi, Erik Jonsson, Per Kalvig, Nynke Keulen, Kathryn Goodenough, Eimear Deady, Axel Müller, Demetrios Eliopoulos, Daniel Cassard, Guillaume Bertrand, Jouni Vuollo, Per Nysten, Torbjörn Bergman, Johan Söderhielm, Nikolaos Arvanitidis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


The geology of Europe comprises a broad range og igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks, in varying tectonic settings and of diverse geological ages, hosting a significant number of Rare Earth Element (REE) mineral occurrences. These can be divided into two general categories: i) primary deposits, formed through igngeous and hydrothermal processes (e.g. carbonatites and/or syenitic rocks, REEs associated with iron oxide and hydrothermal mineralisations); and ii) secondary deposits, concentrated from primary sources by sedimentary processes and/or weathering (e.g. alluvial and fluvial placers, palaeoplacers, laeritic and bauxitic deposits, and ion-adsorption clays).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-29
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Science foundation in China
Issue numberSupp.
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources


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