Plant macrofossil records: Greenland

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

1 Citation (Scopus)


At the beginning of the Quaternary, forest-tundra existed in northern Greenland. During the last interglacial, tree birch and other warmth demanding plants grew in central East Greenland. In contrast, only very cold adapted plants could survive the last glacial temperature minimum dated to ca. 22 kyr BP. Most of the plants growing in Greenland at the present are believed to be Lateglacial or Holocene immigrants, arriving from northwest Europe, Canada, or Siberia. Pioneer vegetation characterized the Lateglacial and early Holocene. Rich dwarf shrub heaths followed this. After around 6 kyr BP stepwise cooling led to recession of vegetation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Quaternary Science
EditorsScott A. Elias
Place of PublicationOxford
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-444-52747-9
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate


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