Metallic mineral deposits in Fennoscandia, Greenland and NW Russia

Pär Weihed, Pasi Eilu, Jochen Kolb, Jan Sverre Sangstad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearch


The Nordic countries, including Greenland, and NW Russia have a long tradition in mining. Documented mining dates back to the 8th century AD. Today this region is the most important metallic mining district of the European Union. Metals are produced from active mines in all countries except Iceland and related industries are thriving in all countries. Important ore deposit types include: volcanogenic massive sulphide deposits (Cu, Zn, Pb, Au, Ag), orogenic gold (Au), layered intrusions (Ni, PGE, Ti±V, Cr), intrusive hosted Cu-Au, apatite-Fe deposits, carbonatite and peralkaline intrusions (Nb, REE, Ta, Ti, Zr), and anorthosite-hosted Ti deposits. Besides these well-documented deposits, new kinds of deposits are being explored, e.g., iron oxide-copper-gold (IO-CG), porphyry (Cu-Au, Mo, and shale-hosted Ni-Zn-Cu.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages7
JournalSGA News
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources


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