Mapping of glaciotectonic deformation in an ice marginal environment with ground penetrating radar

Torben Overgaard, Peter Roll Jakobsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of closely spaced parallel ground penetrating radar (GPR) profiles of glaciotectonic deformed glacio-fluvial sediments have been obtained in an ice marginal environment in Northwest Zealand, Denmark. The radar profiles can be differentiated into several radar facies with distinct reflection characteristics. The lithology and depositional environment of the radar facies is interpreted by correlation with information from profiles in gravel pits, geological maps and drill hole data. The radar facies include glaciotectonically disturbed glacio-fluvial sediments, sediments deposited penecontemporaneously with the deformations and sediments deposited post-tectonically. Several thrust planes with dip angles between 25° and 30° as well as major folds and minor faults have been interpreted from the GPR data. The deformation style of the deformed glacio-fluvial sediments is a thin-skinned pro-glacial thrust complex, with associated folding. The deformations have resulted in the present ridge morphology seen in the rim of the composite ridge. Syn- and post-tectonic sediments are deposited on top and in front of the deformed sediments, smoothing the ridge relief created by the thin-skinned thrust complex. A structural geological map constructed from the ground penetrating radar data reveals the extension of the individual radar facies in the thrust complex. Tectonic features such as thrust planes and folds can be followed throughout the mapped area.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-197
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Volume47
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2001

Keywords

  • Deformation
  • Glaciotectonics
  • Ground penetrating radar
  • Mapping
  • Thrust fault

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate

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