B. Fraters, K. Kovar, R. Grant, L. Thorling, J.W. Reijs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingForeword/postscript


This contribution describes the general background for monitoring the effectiveness of the EU Nitrates Directive Action Programmes in the European
Community. The legal requirements for this type of monitoring are set down in the Nitrates Directive, Article 5 (6) (EC, 1991). In 1999 the European
Commission published a draft Monitoring Guidelines (EC, 1999) and in 2003 (EC, 2003) they published a revised draft version. The lack of clarity with respect to
the monitor obligation in general and effect monitoring more specifically was the driving force behind the organisation of the first workshop on effect monitoring for the Nitrates Directive in 2003, the MonNO3 workshop (Fraters et al., 2005). Since 2003 the monitoring of the effects of Nitrates Directive Action Programmes on agriculture and the environment has increased due to discussions between
Member States and the European Commission about designation of nitrate vulnerable zones (NVZs) and derogation requests with respect to the obligation
to restrict the amount of nitrogen to be applied with manure to a maximum 170 kg ha-1. In addition the Water Framework Directive and new Groundwater
Directive also oblige monitoring of the effectiveness of measures laid down inriver basin management plans. There, the need for an exchange of scientific
ideas on monitoring the effects of Action Programmes and developments therein was recognised and this was the driving force behind the second MonNOworkshop. This report discusses the outcome of this workshop organised by RIVM, DMU, GEUS, and LEI. The workshop was held 10-11 June 2009 in
Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDeveopments in monitoring the effectivenss of the EU nitrates Directive Action Programmes
Subtitle of host publicationResults of the second MonNO3 workshopp, 10-11 June 2009
EditorsB. Fraters, K. Kovar, R. Grant, L. Thorling, J.W. Reijs
Place of PublicationBildhofen, the Netherlands
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 2: Water Resources


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