Imaging buried Quaternary valleys using the transient electromagnetic method

Flemming Jørgensen, Peter B.E. Sandersen, Esben Auken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


Buried Quaternary valleys in Denmark are complex structures filled with various deposits consisting primarily of glacio-lacustrine clay, till and meltwater sand, and gravel. The valleys are important geophysical targets, because they often contain significant volumes of groundwater used for public water supply. About 700 km of buried valley structures have been imaged in the western part of Denmark by the transient electromagnetic (TEM) method. The ability to map the valleys depends primarily on valley geometry, infill architecture and the resistivity of the fill sediments as well as the substratum. One-dimensional (1-D) inversion models of the TEM soundings have been used to construct contour maps of 20 m average resistivities and depth to a good conductor, which provide images for geological interpretation. Images of buried valley morphology, fill properties, infill architecture, such as cut-and-fill structures, valley distribution and valley generations, are characterized for case studies from Hornsyld, Holstebro and the Vonsild/Agtrup areas of Denmark.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Buried valleys
  • Hydrogeophysics
  • Imaging
  • Quaternary
  • TEM
  • Transient electromagnetic

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 2: Water Resources


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