Geologic provinces beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet constrained by geophysical data synthesis

Joseph A. MacGregor, William T. Colgan, Guy J.G. Paxman, Kirsty J. Tinto, Beáta Csathó, Fiona A. Darbyshire, Mark A. Fahnestock, Thomas F. Kokfelt, Emma J. MacKie, Mathieu Morlighem, Olga V. Sergienko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Present understanding of Greenland's subglacial geology is derived mostly from interpolation of geologic mapping of its ice-free margins and unconstrained by geophysical data. Here we refine the extent of its geologic provinces by synthesizing geophysical constraints on subglacial geology from seismic, gravity, magnetic and topographic data. North of 72°N, no province clearly extends across the whole island, leaving three distinct subglacial regions yet to be reconciled with margin geology. Geophysically coherent anomalies and apparent province boundaries are adjacent to the onset of faster ice flow at both Petermann Glacier and the Northeast Greenland Ice Stream. Separately, based on their subaerial expression, dozens of unusually long, straight and sub-parallel subglacial valleys cross Greenland's interior and are not yet resolved by current syntheses of its subglacial topography.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2023GL107357
Number of pages11
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2024


  • Greenland Ice Sheet
  • remote sensing
  • subglacial geology

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate
  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources


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