GeoERA Raw Materials Monograph - the past and the future

Antje Wittenberg, Daniel de Oliveira, Lisbeth Flindt Jørgensen, Francisco Javier Gonzalez, Tom Heldal, Kari Aslaksen Aasly, Eimear Deady, Špela Kumelj, Henrike Sievers, Zoltan Horvath, Eoin McGrath

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Mineral raw materials are indispensable! This statement applies in everyday life as well as in health care, in the implementation of the energy transition or for national defence.

A responsible supply from domestic sources is a key element for reliable and future-oriented raw material security in Europe. Verified data and coherent information on raw materials, mines, deposits and resources – also across political borders - form the basis for sound and resilient decisions. Forty national and regional geological services and marine research institutes exchanged expertise and information to provide an improved EU raw materials database on European onshore and offshore resources.

The monograph "GeoERA Raw Materials - the past and the future” - gives an insight into GeoERA's four scientific raw materials projects - EuroLithos, FRAME, MINDeSEA and MINTELL4EU and their main products, results and further work. However, such information is a snapshot and continues to require constant updating and improvement.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationHannover, Germany
PublisherFederal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR)
Commissioning bodyFederal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources
Number of pages141
ISBN (Print)978-3-9823438-6-0
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2022


  • Raw Materials
  • Critical raw materials
  • GeoERA
  • EuroLithos
  • European resources
  • domestic sourcing
  • Databases
  • responsible sourcing
  • ornamental stones
  • UNFC
  • post-mining
  • seabed mineral deposits

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources


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