Gaining insight into the T2-T2 relationship in surface NMR free-induction decay measurements

Denys Grombacher, Esben Auken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


One of the primary shortcomings of the surface nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) free-induction decay (FID) measurement is the uncertainty surrounding which mechanism controls the signal's time dependence. Ideally, the FID-estimated relaxation time T2 that describes the signal's decay carries an intimate link to the geometry of the pore space. In this limit the parameter T2 is closely linked to a related parameter T2, which is more closely linked to pore-geometry. If T2 T2 the FID can provide valuable insight into relative pore-size and can be used to make quantitative permeability estimates. However, given only FID measurements it is difficult to determine whether T2 is linked to pore geometry or whether it has been strongly influenced by background magnetic field inhomogeneity. If the link between an observed T2 and the underlying T2 could be further constrained the utility of the standard surface NMR FID measurement would be greatly improved. We hypothesize that an approach employing an updated surface NMR forward model that solves the full Bloch equations with appropriately weighted relaxation terms can be used to help constrain the T2-T2 relationship. Weighting the relaxation terms requires estimating the poorly constrained parameters T2 and T1; to deal with this uncertainty we propose to conduct a parameter search involving multiple inversions that employ a suite of forward models each describing a distinct but plausible T2-T2 relationship. We hypothesize that forward models given poor T2 estimates will produce poor data fits when using the complex-inversion, while forward models given reliable T2 estimates will produce satisfactory data fits. By examining the data fits produced by the suite of plausible forward models, the likely T2-T2 can be constrained by identifying the range of T2 estimates that produce reliable data fits. Synthetic and field results are presented to investigate the feasibility of the proposed technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1402-1411
Number of pages10
JournalGeophysical Journal International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Hydrogeophysics

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 2: Water Resources


Dive into the research topics of 'Gaining insight into the T2-T2 relationship in surface NMR free-induction decay measurements'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this