Enabling onshore CO2 storage in Europe: Fostering international cooperation around pilot and test sites

M. Gastine, R. Berenblyum, I. Czernichowski-Lauriol, J.C. de Dios, P. Audigane, V. Hladik, N. Poulsen, S. Vercelli, C. Vincent, T. Wildenborg

    Research output: Contribution to journalConference article in journalpeer-review

    12 Citations (Scopus)


    To meet the ambitious EC target of an 80% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, CO 2 Capture and Storage (CCS) needs to move rapidly towards full scale implementation with geological storage solutions both on and offshore. Onshore storage offers increased flexibility and reduced infrastructure and monitoring costs. Enabling onshore storage will support management of decarbonisation strategies at territory level while enhancing security of energy supply and local economic activities, and securing jobs across Europe. However, successful onshore storage also requires overcoming some unique technical and societal challenges. ENOS will provide crucial advances to help foster onshore CO 2 storage across Europe through:Developing, testing and demonstrating in the field, under "real-life conditions", key technologies specifically adapted to onshore storage.Contributing to the creation of a favourable environment for onshore storage across Europe. The ENOS site portfolio will provide a great opportunity for demonstration of technologies for safe and environmentally sound storage at relevant scale. Best practices will be developed using experience gained from the field experiments with the participation of local stakeholders and the lay public. This will produce improved integrated research outcomes and increase stakeholder understanding and confidence in CO 2 storage. In this improved framework, ENOS will catalyse new onshore pilot and demonstration projects in new locations and geological settings across Europe, taking into account the site-specific and local socio-economic context. By developing technologies from TRL4/5 to TRL6 across the storage lifecycle, feeding the resultant knowledge and experience into training and education and cooperating at the pan-European and global level, ENOS will have a decisive impact on innovation and build the confidence needed for enabling onshore CO 2 storage in Europe. ENOS is initiating strong international collaboration between European researchers and their counterparts from the USA, Canada, South Korea, Australia and South Africa for sharing experience worldwide based on real-life onshore pilots and field experiments. Fostering experience-sharing and research alignment between existing sites is key to maximise the investment made at individual sites and to support the efficient large scale deployment of CCS. ENOS is striving to promote collaboration between sites in the world through a programme of site twinning, focus groups centered around operative issues and the creation of a leakage simulation alliance.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)5905-5915
    Number of pages11
    JournalEnergy Procedia
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
    Event13th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies - Lausanne, Switzerland
    Duration: 14 Nov 201618 Nov 2016
    Conference number: 13


    • CO storage
    • CO GeoNet
    • ENOS
    • fostering onshore pilots
    • international collaboration

    Programme Area

    • Programme Area 3: Energy Resources


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