Early Holocene land floras and faunas from Edgeøya, eastern Svalbard

Ole Bennike, Lars Hedenäs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Early Holocene, near‐shore marine sediments from Visdalen, Edgeøya, eastern Svalbard contain locally abundant allochthonous remains of land plants, notably bryophytes. Wetland species indicative of mineral rich and calcareous soils are frequent, but upland plants are also well represented. The fossil assemblages are indicative of ecological and climatic conditions similar to those on Edgeøya today. The sediments contain one of the first fossil beetles reported from Svalbard. Apparently, the modern flora of Svalbard was already established in the earliest Holocene, probably following immigration from northern Europe. A few Armeria scabra remains are believed to be derived from interglacial deposits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalPolar Research
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 1995

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate


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