Annually laminated speleothems: A review

Andy Baker, Claire L. Smith, Catherine Jex, Ian J. Fairchild, Dominique Genty, Lisa Fuller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

103 Citations (Scopus)


This review of annually laminated speleothems firstly considers the four types of annual laminae found within speleothems: fluorescent laminae formed by annual variations in organic matter flux; visible or petrographic laminae, formed by annual variations in calcite texture or fabric; calcite-aragonite couplets; and finally trace element laminae. The methods available to confirm the annual nature, or otherwise, of lamina deposition are reviewed. We consider the use of annual laminae in chronology building, with particular relevance to palaeoclimate reconstructions. Finally, the use of annual lamina width as a palaeoclimate proxy is reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Speleology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Annual laminae
  • Geochronology
  • Paleoclimate
  • Speleothem
  • Stalagmite

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources
  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate


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