An irrigation experiment to compare soil, water and speleothem tetraether membrane lipid distributions

Andy Baker, Catherine N. Jex, Helen Rutlidge, Martijn Woltering, Alison J. Blyth, Martin S. Andersen, Mark O. Cuthbert, Christopher E. Marjo, Monika Markowska, Gabriel C. Rau, Stuart J. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Measurement of glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (GDGTs) preserved in speleothems offers a potential proxy for past temperature but, in general, their origin is unknown. To understand the source of speleothem GDGTs, we undertook an irrigation experiment to activate drip sites within a hydrogeochemically well characterised cave. The cave drip water was analysed for GDGTs, inorganic elements (major ions and trace elements), stable isotopes and dissolved organic matter concentration and character. Published speleothem GDGT records from the site have been observed to be dominated by isoprenoid GDGTs and interpreted as deriving from in situ microbial communities within the cave or vadose zone. The drip water in our irrigation experiment had a GDGT distribution distinct from that of soil and speleothem samples, providing direct evidence that the distinctive GDGT signature in speleothems is derived from a subsurface source. Analysis of GDGTs in this context allowed further elucidation of their source and transport in cave systems, enhancing our understanding of how they might be used as a temperature proxy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-20
Number of pages9
JournalOrganic Geochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Drip water
  • GDGT
  • Paleoclimate
  • Speleothem
  • Temperature

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate


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