Alternative value chains for rare earths: The Anglo-deposit developers

Erika Machacek, Niels Fold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


The 2011 peak in rare earth element (REE) prices revealed a vast knowledge gap on the REE-based industry considered to be almost monopolized by Chinese players. A global value chain (GVC) framework is used to provide an understanding of value-adding segments of REE in their transformation from mine to market but inquiries on the currently most-advanced company strategies for alternative REE supplies form the cornerstone of this paper. The Anglo-REE deposit developer strategies are aligned with the value-adding segments and different approaches to integration and co-optation of REE processing competence are uncovered. On this basis the significance of alternative Anglo-REE-developer supplies is discussed and positioned in the perspective of Chinese industrial upgrading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-64
Number of pages12
JournalResources Policy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • Filament
  • Global value chain
  • Industry
  • Rare earth
  • Upgrading

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 4: Mineral Resources


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