The recent decades of accelerating mass loss of the Greenland ice sheet have arisen froman increase in both surface meltwater runoff and ice flow discharge from tidewater glaciers. Despite the role of the Greenland ice sheet as the dominant individual cryospheric contributor to sea level rise in recent decades, no observational record of its mass loss spans the 30-year period needed to assess its climatological state. We present for the first time a 40-year (1975- 2014) time series of observed meltwater discharge froma >6500-km 2 catchment of the southwestern Greenland ice sheet. We find that an abrupt 80% increase in runoff occurring between the 1976-2002 and 2003-2014 periods is due to a shift in atmospheric circulation, withmeridional exchange events occurringmore frequently over Greenland, establishing the first observation-based connection between ice sheet runoff and climate change.
- Programme Area 5: Nature and Climate