A 3D regional crustal model of the NE Atlantic based on seismic and gravity data

C. Haase, J. Ebbing, T. Funck

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in bookResearchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a 3D regional crustal model for the North Atlantic, which is based on the integration of seismic constraints and gravity data. The model addresses the crustal thickness geometry, and includes information on sedimentary thickness, the presence of high-velocity zones in the lower crust, and information on the crustal density distribution in the continental and oceanic domains. Using an iterative forward- and inverse-modelling approach, we adhere to the seismic constraints within their uncertainty, but manage to enhance the crustal geometry in areas where seismic data are sparse or absent. A number of basins are resolved with more detail. Recently released seismic reflection data beneath the NE Greenland Shelf allowed for a major improvement of the crustal thickness estimates. Estimated Moho depths beneath the basins there vary between 15 and 25 km, which is compatible with the conjugate Norwegian margin. A major lower-crustal seismic velocity anomaly in the vicinity of the Greenland–Iceland–Faroe Ridge complex is supported by density modelling. We discuss the validity and uncertainties of our model assumptions and discuss the correlation with the main structural elements of the North Atlantic.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe NE Atlantic region
Subtitle of host publicationA reappraisal of crustal structure, tectonostratigraphy and magmatic evolution
EditorsG. Péron-Pinvidic, J.R. Hopper, T. Funck, M.S. Stoker, C. Gaina, J.C. Doornenbal, U.E. Árting
PublisherGeological Society of London
Pages233-247
Number of pages15
ISBN (Print)978-1-78620-278-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Publication series

SeriesGeological Society Special Publication
Volume447
ISSN0305-8719

Programme Area

  • Programme Area 3: Energy Resources

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