Time capsules in natural sediment archives-Tracking phytoplankton population genetic diversity and adaptation over multidecadal timescales in the face of environmental change

Marianne Ellegaard, Anna Godhe, Sofia Ribeiro

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

11 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Undisturbed records of resting stages produced in the past and stored in coastal sediments are very valuable to science, because they may provide unique insights into past evolutionary and ecological trajectories. Within marine phytoplankton, multidecadal time series of monoclonal strains germinated from resting stages have been established for diatoms (Skeletonema marinoi) and dinoflagellates (Pentapharsodinium dalei), spanning ca. a century. Phenotypic and genotypic analyses of these time series have revealed effects of past environmental changes on population genetic structure. Future perspectives include direct comparisons of phenotypes and genotypic data of populations, for example, by genomewide assays that can correlate phenotypic trends with genotypes and allele frequencies in temporally separated strains. Besides their usefulness as historical records, “seed” banks of phytoplankton resting stages also have the potential to provide an inoculum that influences present populations through “dispersal from the past” (the storage effect) and are important for adaptation to future environments through their standing genetic diversity.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)11-16
Antal sider6
TidsskriftEvolutionary Applications
Vol/bind11
Udgave nummer1
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jan. 2018

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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