The water content of olivines from the North Atlantic Volcanic Province

Bjørn Jamtveit, Richard Brooker, Kent Brooks, Lotte Melchior Larsen, Tom Pedersen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

82 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The water content of olivine crystals from picrites and basalts from the North Atlantic Volcanic Province has been estimated using non-polarised Fourier transform infrared spectra. H2O concentrations vary from about 18 ppm by weight to below the detection limit of ca. 0.5 ppm. The most H2O-poor olivines (≤ 0.5 ppm H2O) probably reflect olivine crystallisation or re-equilibration at shallow crustal levels, possibly after magma degassing. However, some of the Mg-rich olivines (Fo87-91.5) have elevated H2O contents (3-7 ppm) and indicate the presence of mantle source regions with > 300 ppm H2O for any reasonable crystallisation depth. The elevated H2O content may be sufficiently high to significantly affect the mantle viscosity and melting behaviour and thus contribute to the simultaneous production of melt over a vast area from Baffin Island to the British Isles at 58-62 Ma.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)401-415
Antal sider15
TidsskriftEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Vol/bind186
Udgave nummer3-4
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 apr. 2001

Programområde

  • Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer

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