The 404.5. m deep SDJ1 borehole is located in the Jongeis mining sector of the Santa Susana Basin (SSB), and has been palynostratigraphically studied. The SSB is a Carboniferous coal-bearing basin developed along the suture contact between the Ossa Morena Zone (OMZ) and the South Portuguese Zone (SPZ).The recovered palynologic assemblages are assigned to the NM Miospore Biozone of mid Visean age, with the lowermost 6.8. m of the borehole yielding an in situ miospore assemblage assigned to the SL Miospore Biozone of mid Moscovian age. All of the studied samples contained more than 90% of reworked palynomorphs ranging in age from the middle Cambrian to the early Tournaisian (0-397.7. m depth), with the first 6.8 m (397.7-404.5. m depth) yielding reworked palynomorphs from the middle Cambrian to the mid Moscovian. This particular palynologic signature provides further evidence for the interpretation of the reworked palynomorphs in the Toca da Moura Complex (TMC) and its importance in the geodynamic evolution of the OMZ, regarding the probable provenance areas of the reworked palynomorphs within the OMZ and SPZ. Six reworked sub-assemblages were discriminated: i. middle to (?)upper Cambrian; ii. Lower to Middle Ordovician; iii. middle to upper Silurian; iv. Lower Devonian; v. Upper Devonian and vi. lower Carboniferous.From the study of the palynomorph assemblages (both in situ and reworked) recovered from the SDJ1 borehole samples, new inferences are made regarding the recognition of the subsurface extension of the Toca da Moura Complex and its structural relationship to the Pennsylvanian continental coal-bearing SSB. These new data, together with the palynologic study of a control sample (STS15) from the Jongeis old coal mine, housed in the LNEG Geological Museum, in Lisbon, makes possible new interpretations concerning the evolution of the SSB.
- Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer