The Nordic supply potential of critical metals and minerals for a Green Energy Transition

Pasi Eilu, Terje Bjerkgård, Hjalti Franzson, Håvard Gautneb, Tuulia Häkkinen, Erik Jonsson, Jakob Kløve Keiding, Jussi Pokki, Agnes Raaness, Helge Reginiussen, Bryndís G. Róbertsdóttir, Diogo Rosa, Martiya Sadeghi, Jan Sverre Sandstad, Henrik Stendal, Eyþór Rafn Þórhallsson, Tuomo Törmänen

Publikation: Bog/rapportBogForskning


The transformation of the current ‘high-carbon emission’ into a ‘low-carbon emission’ society is an essential part of climate change mitigation. At
the core of this is what can be called a ‘Green Energy Transition’, an over-arching transition from non-renewables to renewables-based production,
storage, transmission and use of energy. This is a major technological change that includes significantly increasing demand for raw materials of all kinds (Figure A), which, combined with the general technological development of society and industry, have already resulted in many globally major economic players, such as the EU, to define sets of mineral-based raw materials as critical (CRM). A raw material is deemed ‘critical’ if it is of high importance to the economy and if its supply is associated with a high risk of disruption. An absolute majority of the present critical raw materials are metals which are sourced from geological occurrences through mining.
ForlagNordisk Ministerråd
Antal sider93
ISBN (Elektronisk)978-82-8277-115-3
ISBN (Trykt)978-82-8277-114-6
StatusUdgivet - 2021


  • MiMa
  • CRM
  • Kritiske råstoffer


  • Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer
  • Programområde 3: Energiressourcer


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