Sorption of the herbicide dichlobenil and the metabolite 2,6-dichlorobenzamide on soils and aquifer sediments

Liselotte Clausen, Flemming Larsen, Hans Jørgen Albrechtsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

57 Citationer (Scopus)


The worldwide used herbicide dichlobenil (2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile) has resulted in widespread presence of its metabolite 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in pore- and groundwater. To evaluate the transport of these compounds we studied the sorption of dichlobenil and BAM in 22 sediment samples of clayey till, sand, and limestone including sediments exhibiting varying oxidation states. Dichlobenil sorbed to all investigated sediments, with a high sorption in topsoils (Kd = 7.4-17.4 L kg-1) and clayey till sediments (Kd = 2.7-126 L kg-1), The sorption of the polar metabolite BAM was much lower than the sorption of dichlobenil but followed the same tendency with the highest sorption in the topsoils (Kd = 0.24-0.66 L kg-1) and in the clayey till sediments (Kd = 0.10-0.93 L kg-1). The sorption of both compounds was significantly higher (2-47 times) in the unoxidized (reduced) clayey till than in the weathered (oxidized) clayey till. Such a difference in sorption capacity could neither be explained by a higher organic carbon content, sorption to clay minerals, differences in clay mineralogy, nor by blocking of reactive surface sites on clay minerals by iron oxides. However, by removing an average of 81% of the organic carbon from the reduced clayey till with H2O 2, the sorption decreased on average 50%. Therefore, most of the sorption capacity in the reduced clayey till was related to organic carbon, which indicates that sorption processes are affected by changes in organic compound composition due to weathering.

Sider (fra-til)4510-4518
Antal sider9
TidsskriftEnvironmental Science and Technology
Udgave nummer17
StatusUdgivet - 1 sep. 2004
Udgivet eksterntJa


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