Rapid carbon mineralization for permanent disposal of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions

Juerg M. Matter, Martin Stute, Sandra Snæbjörnsdottir, Eric H. Oelkers, Sigurdur R. Gislason, Edda S. Aradottir, Bergur Sigfusson, Ingvi Gunnarsson, Holmfridur Sigurdardottir, Einar Gunnlaugsson, Gudni Axelsson, Helgi A. Alfredsson, Domenik Wolff-Boenisch, Kiflom Mesfin, Diana Fernandez De La Reguera Taya, Jennifer Hall, Knud Dideriksen, Wallace S. Broecker

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

404 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) provides a solution toward decarbonization of the global economy. The success of this solution depends on the ability to safely and permanently store CO2. This study demonstrates for the first time the permanent disposal of CO2 as environmentally benign carbonate minerals in basaltic rocks. We find that over 95% of the CO2 injected into the CarbFix site in Iceland was mineralized to carbonate minerals in less than 2 years. This result contrasts with the common view that the immobilization of CO2 as carbonate minerals within geologic reservoirs takes several hundreds to thousands of years. Our results, therefore, demonstrate that the safe long-term storage of anthropogenic CO2 emissions through mineralization can be far faster than previously postulated.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1312-1314
Antal sider3
TidsskriftScience
Vol/bind352
Udgave nummer6291
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 10 jun. 2016
Udgivet eksterntJa

Programområde

  • Programområde 3: Energiressourcer

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