Quaternary sedimentation, margin architecture and ocean circulation variability around the Faroe Islands, North Atlantic

T. Nielsen, T.L. Rasmussen, S. Ceramicola, A. Kuijpers

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

20 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The Quaternary development offshore the Faroe Islands has been studied using high-resolution seismic and core data from the R/V DANA 2000 cruise and previous cruises. Several glacial-related features and deposits are observed, all bearing witness to former extensive glaciations of the Faroe area. On the shelves, overlaying a mid-Pleistocene glacial erosional surface, glacial and glacimarine deposits form a sheet geometry interrupted by ridges of sediment that are likely to represent ice-front deposits. An iceberg turbate north of the Faroe Islands provides evidence of large-scale drift of ultra-deep draft (>600 m) icebergs in the Nordic Seas at pre-Weichselian glacial stage(s). Marginal and transverse troughs found on the eastern and western shelf are suggested to have formed during the same glacial period(s) as the iceberg turbate. Iceberg plough-marks and abundant ice rafted material of non-Faroese origin, together with the relict moraine ridges encircling the Faroe Islands at around the 100 and 200 m water depth contours, indicate that the outer shelf was probably ice free during the Weichselian ice age. On the slopes and basinal parts, the formation of fine-grained contourites was favoured during (Weichselian) glacial stages when bottom currents were reduced. Sediment overloading during these glacial stages resulted in repeated slope instability, causing mass failures of the contourite deposits.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1016-1036
Antal sider21
TidsskriftQuaternary Science Reviews
Vol/bind26
Udgave nummer7-8
DOI
StatusUdgivet - apr. 2007

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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