Plate boundary deformation and man-made subsidence around geothermal fields on the Reykjanes Peninsula, Iceland

M. Keiding, T. Árnadóttir, S. Jónsson, J. Decriem, A. Hooper

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

40 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

We present Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data from 1992-1999 and 2003-2008 as well as GPS data from 2000-2009 for the active plate boundary on the Reykjanes Peninsula, southwest Iceland. The geodetic data reveal deformation mainly due to plate spreading, anthropogenic subsidence caused by geothermal fluid extraction and, possibly, increasing pressure in a geothermal system. Subsidence of around 10. cm is observed during the first 2. years of production at the Reykjanes geothermal power plant, which started operating in May 2006. We model the surface subsidence around the new power plant using point and ellipsoidal pressure sources in an elastic halfspace. Short-lived swarms of micro-earthquakes as well as aseismic fault movement are observed near the geothermal field following the start of production, possibly triggered by the stresses induced by geothermal fluid extraction.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)139-149
Antal sider11
TidsskriftJournal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research
Vol/bind194
Udgave nummer4
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 30 jul. 2010
Udgivet eksterntJa

Programområde

  • Programområde 3: Energiressourcer

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