The Isortoq Giant Dykes in the Proterozoic Gardar Province, South Greenland, include the Isortoq South giant dyke and the Isortoq North giant dyke. The fine-grained Fe-Ti-V deposit hosted by the Isortoq South giant dyke, referred to as the Isortoq Fe-Ti-V deposit, is considered a good test site for the use of magnetic susceptibility for the mapping of ore grades. Here, we test this and show that the Fe, Ti and V distribution is controlled by tita-nomagnetite disseminated throughout fine-grained troctolite. The deposit displays a clear correlation between magnetic susceptibility and Fe, Ti and V grades in bulk samples of consecutive 2 m sections from 11 drill cores, totalling 2671 m in length. We observe that Fe, Ti and V are almost entirely hosted in titanomagnetite, which controls the magnetic susceptibility. Field measurements of the magnetic susceptibility can thus be considered as a reliable exploration tool for this type of mineralisation. We further con-sider the origins of the deposit by reconnaissance petrography, mineral and bulk rock chemistry of the large mass of aphanitic Fe-rich troctolite in the Isortoq South giant dyke. We suggest that the deposit may repre-sent the base of a basanitic to trachybasaltic magma chamber, in which Fe-rich immiscible melts accumulated, crystallised and fractionated. The processes suggested here may apply to other giant dykes and intrusions of the Gardar Province.
|Tidsskrift||Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland Bulletin|
|Status||Udgivet - 2020|
- Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer