Persistent flow acceleration within the interior of the Greenland ice sheet

Samuel H. Doyle, Alun Hubbard, Andrew A.W. Fitzpatrick, Dirk van As, Andreas B. Mikkelsen, Rickard Pettersson, Bryn Hubbard

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

64 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

We present surface velocity measurements from a high-elevation site located 140 km from the western margin of the Greenland ice sheet, and ~ 50 km into its accumulation area. Annual velocity increased each year from 51.78 ± 0.01 m yr-1 in 2009 to 52.92 ± 0.01 m yr-1 in 2012 - a net increase of 2.2%. These data also reveal a strong seasonal velocity cycle of up to 8.1% above the winter mean, driven by seasonal melt and supraglacial lake drainage. Sole et al. (2013) recently argued that ice motion in the ablation area is mediated by reduced winter flow following the development of efficient subglacial drainage during warmer, faster, summers. Our data extend this analysis and reveal a year-on-year increase in annual velocity above the equilibrium line altitude, where despite surface melt increasing, it is still sufficiently low to hinder the development of efficient drainage under thick ice. Key Points Ice flow in the accumulation area accelerated year-on-year between 2009 and 2012 The acceleration correlates with the inland expansion of supraglacial lakes This dynamic response contrasts with observations from the ablation zone

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)899-905
Antal sider7
TidsskriftGeophysical Research Letters
Vol/bind41
Udgave nummer3
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 16 feb. 2014

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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