A multidisciplinary study of the Oligocene/Miocene (O/M) transition was carried in two boreholes (Harre-1 and Horn-1) from the Danish land area in order to improve the understanding of the paleoclimatological and environmental changes across the Mi-1, the earliest Miocene cooling event. Dinoflagellate cyst (dinocyst) biostratigraphy, supported by re-evaluation of the foraminiferid biostratigraphy, a new set of magnetic data and stable carbon isotope (δ13C) records were applied to improve the age model for the studied succession; as well as the positioning of the O/M boundary. These data further enabled a correlation of the two investigated profiles with the well-established stratigraphical framework for the Danish area. The BIT index (an organic proxy indicating the relative input of soil-derived organic matter), dinocyst assemblages and palynofacies have been applied for establishing the paleoenvironmental changes across the Oligocene/Miocene (O/M) boundary. Our data indicate a shallowing upward trend in the latest Oligocene, resulting in the establishment of a very restricted marine setting in the earliest Miocene. Our study confirms that the O/M boundary is located at a sequence boundary (the local sequence boundary B - SB B) and corresponds to an increase in terrestrial organic matter input. A mean air temperature record based on the MBT'/CBT proxy reveals an ~. 2. °C drop in temperature at the O/M and the sequence boundary. Our findings confirm previous suggestions that this sequence boundary is a result of the glacio-eustatic sea level fall related with the Mi-1 cooling event. The unconformity at the sequence boundary probably correlates with the coldest part of Mi-1, and thus no deposits from this period have been preserved. This suggests that the temperature drop might have been greater than 2. °C.
- Programområde 3: Energiressourcer