New priority substances of the European Water Framework Directive: Biocides, pesticides and brominated flame retardants in the aquatic environment of Denmark

Katrin Vorkamp, Rossana Bossi, Kai Bester, Ulla E. Bollmann, Susanne Boutrup

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

44 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The biocides cybutryn (Irgarol) and terbutryn, the herbicides aclonifen and bifenox, the insecticides cypermethrin and heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide and the brominated flame retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) are new priority substances of the Water Framework Directive of the European Union. In order to gain knowledge about their presence in the aquatic environment in an off-season situation with regard to pesticide and biocide applications, these substances were analysed in freshwater, seawater and fish samples from Denmark. Aclonifen, bifenox, cypermethrin and heptachlor were below the limits of detection (LODs) in all samples. However, the LODs for cypermethrin and heptachlor exceeded the annual average environmental quality standards (AA-EQSs). Cybutryn, terbutryn, heptachlor epoxide and HBCD were detected in the majority of samples, with detection frequencies of 100% for heptachlor epoxide and HBCD in water and 90% in fish. No concentration was above maximum allowable concentration (MAC)-EQS values, but AA-EQS values were exceeded for all four compounds by several samples, including 100% of the water samples with regard to heptachlor epoxide. Methodological issues remain for cypermethrin, and to a certain extent for heptachlor/heptachlor epoxide, for which water LODs were above AA-EQSs although a water volume of 12. L was combined with very sensitive high resolution mass spectrometry.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)459-468
Antal sider10
TidsskriftScience of the Total Environment
Vol/bind470-471
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 1 feb. 2014
Udgivet eksterntJa

Programområde

  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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