Mineralisation of 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM) in dichlobenil-exposed soils and isolation of a BAM-mineralising Aminobacter sp.

Allan Simonsen, Maria S. Holtze, Sebastian R. Sørensen, Søren J. Sørensen, Jens Aamand

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

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Abstrakt

Mineralisation of the groundwater contaminant 2,6-dichlorobenzamide (BAM), a metabolite from the herbicide 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (dichlobenil), was studied in soil samples obtained from 39 locations previously exposed to dichlobenil. Rapid BAM mineralisation was detected in samples from six locations with 5.2-64.6% of the added BAM mineralised within 48-50 days. From one location rapid BAM mineralisation was observed in soil samples down to a depth of 2 m below the surface. One location with fast BAM mineralisation showed significant dichlobenil degradation activity with 25.5% of the added dichlobenil being mineralised within 50 days. By inoculating soil showing the fastest mineralisation of BAM into a mineral medium with BAM as the only carbon and nitrogen source an enrichment culture was established. Community analysis based on extracted DNA revealed a change of the bacterial community but without any clear indication of key members within the BAM-mineralising culture. Parallel cultivation resulted for the first time in the isolation of a BAM-mineralising bacterium, identified as an Aminobacter sp.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)289-295
Antal sider7
TidsskriftEnvironmental Pollution
Vol/bind144
Udgave nummer1
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2006

Programområde

  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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