Microbial degradation of the benzonitrile herbicides dichlobenil, bromoxynil and ioxynil in soil and subsurface environments - Insights into degradation pathways, persistent metabolites and involved degrader organisms

Maria S. Holtze, Sebastian R. Sørensen, Jan Sørensen, Jens Aamand

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

75 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The benzonitriles dichlobenil, bromoxynil and ioxynil are important broad-spectrum or selective herbicides used in agriculture, orchards and public areas worldwide. The dichlobenil metabolite 2,6-dichlorobenzamide is the most frequently encountered groundwater contaminant in Denmark, which suggests that the environmental fate of these three structurally related benzonitrile herbicides should be addressed in detail. This review summarises the current knowledge on microbial degradation of dichlobenil, bromoxynil and ioxynil with particular focus on common features of degradation rates and pathways, accumulation of persistent metabolites and diversity of the involved degrader organisms.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)155-168
Antal sider14
TidsskriftEnvironmental Pollution
Vol/bind154
Udgave nummer2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - jul. 2008

Programområde

  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Microbial degradation of the benzonitrile herbicides dichlobenil, bromoxynil and ioxynil in soil and subsurface environments - Insights into degradation pathways, persistent metabolites and involved degrader organisms'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater