Mapping of a hydrological ice-sheet drainage basin on the West Greenland ice-sheet margin from ERS-1/-2 SAR interferometry, ice-radar measurement and modelling

A.P. Ahlstrøm, C. Egede Bøggild, J.J. Mohr, N. Reeh, E. Lintz Christensen, O.B. Olesen, K. Keller

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

8 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The hydrological ice-sheet basin draining into the Tasersiaq lake, West Greenland (66°13′N, 50°30′W), was delineated, first using standard digital elevation models (DEMs) for ice-sheet surface and bedrock, and subsequently using a new high- resolution dataset, with a surface DEM derived from repeat-track interferometric synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and a bedrock topography derived from an airborne 60 MHz ice-penetrating radar. The extent of the delineation was calculated from a water-pressure potential as a function of the ice-sheet surface and bedrock elevations and a hydraulic factor k describing the relative importance of the potential of the ice over- burden pressure compared to the bedrock topography. The meltwater run-off for the basin delineations was modelled with an energy-balance model calibrated with observed ice-sheet ablation and compared to a 25 year time series of measured basin run-off. The standard DEMs were found to be inadequate for delineation purposes, whereas delineations from high-resolution data were found to be very sensitive to changes in k in a non-linear way, causing a factor 5 change of basin area, corresponding to a doubling of the modelled run- off. The 50% standard deviation of the measured basin run-off could thus be explained by small year-to-year variations of the k-factor.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)309-314
Antal sider6
TidsskriftAnnals of Glaciology
Vol/bind34
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2002

Programområde

  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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