Layered and laterally constrained 2D inversion of resistivity data

Esben Auken, Anders Vest Christiansen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

366 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

In a sedimentary environment, quasi-layered models often can represent the actual geology more accurately than smooth minimum-structure models. We present a 2D inversion scheme with lateral constraints and sharp boundaries (LCI) for continuous resistivity data. All data and models are inverted as one system, producing layered solutions with laterally smooth transitions. The models are regularized through lateral constraints that tie interface depths or thicknesses and resistivities of adjacent layers. A priori information, used to resolve ambiguities and to add, for example, geological information, can be added at any point of the profile and migrates through the lateral constraints to parameters at adjacent sites. Similarly, information from areas with well-resolved parameters migrates through the constraints to help resolve areas with poorly constrained parameters. The estimated model is complemented by a full sensitivity analysis of the model parameters supporting quantitative evaluation of the inversion result. A simple synthetic model proves the need for a quasi-layered, 2D inversion when compared with a traditional 2D minimum-structure inversion. A 2D minimum-structure inversion produces models with spatially smooth resistivity transitions, making identification of layer boundaries difficult. A continuous vertical electrical sounding field example from Sweden with a depression in the depth to bedrock supports the conclusions drawn from the synthetic example. A till layer on top of the bedrock, hidden in the traditional inversion result, is identified using the 2D LCI scheme. Furthermore, the depth to the bedrock surface is easily identified for most of the profile with the 2D LCI model, which is not the case with the model from the traditional minimum-structure inversion.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)752-761
Antal sider10
TidsskriftGeophysics
Vol/bind69
Udgave nummer3
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 2004
Udgivet eksterntJa

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  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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