Large scale 3-D modeling by integration of resistivity models and borehole data through inversion

N. Foged, P.A. Marker, A.V. Christiansen, P. Bauer-Gottwein, F. Jørgensen, A.-S. Høyer, E. Auken

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

37 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

We present an automatic method for parameterization of a 3-D model of the subsurface, integrating lithological information from boreholes with resistivity models through an inverse optimization, with the objective of further detailing of geological models, or as direct input into groundwater models. The parameter of interest is the clay fraction, expressed as the relative length of clay units in a depth interval. The clay fraction is obtained from lithological logs and the clay fraction from the resistivity is obtained by establishing a simple petrophysical relationship, a translator function, between resistivity and the clay fraction. Through inversion we use the lithological data and the resistivity data to determine the optimum spatially distributed translator function. Applying the translator function we get a 3-D clay fraction model, which holds information from the resistivity data set and the borehole data set in one variable. Finally, we use k-means clustering to generate a 3-D model of the subsurface structures. We apply the procedure to the Norsminde survey in Denmark, integrating approximately 700 boreholes and more than 100 000 resistivity models from an airborne survey in the parameterization of the 3-D model covering 156 km2. The final five-cluster 3-D model differentiates between clay materials and different high-resistivity materials from information held in the resistivity model and borehole observations, respectively.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)4349-4362
Antal sider14
TidsskriftHydrology and Earth System Sciences
Vol/bind18
Udgave nummer11
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 4 nov. 2014

Programområde

  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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