TY - JOUR

T1 - Large scale 3-D modeling by integration of resistivity models and borehole data through inversion

AU - Foged, N.

AU - Marker, P.A.

AU - Christiansen, A.V.

AU - Bauer-Gottwein, P.

AU - Jørgensen, F.

AU - Høyer, A.-S.

AU - Auken, E.

N1 - Funding Information:
We wish to thank professor G. Lindstedt for valuable critical comments on the manuscript. Part of the work quoted in this review was supported by grants from the National Swedish Environmental Protection Board and the Swedish Work Environment Fund, and the Medical Faculty, Lund University.

PY - 2014/11/4

Y1 - 2014/11/4

N2 - We present an automatic method for parameterization of a 3-D model of the subsurface, integrating lithological information from boreholes with resistivity models through an inverse optimization, with the objective of further detailing of geological models, or as direct input into groundwater models. The parameter of interest is the clay fraction, expressed as the relative length of clay units in a depth interval. The clay fraction is obtained from lithological logs and the clay fraction from the resistivity is obtained by establishing a simple petrophysical relationship, a translator function, between resistivity and the clay fraction. Through inversion we use the lithological data and the resistivity data to determine the optimum spatially distributed translator function. Applying the translator function we get a 3-D clay fraction model, which holds information from the resistivity data set and the borehole data set in one variable. Finally, we use k-means clustering to generate a 3-D model of the subsurface structures. We apply the procedure to the Norsminde survey in Denmark, integrating approximately 700 boreholes and more than 100 000 resistivity models from an airborne survey in the parameterization of the 3-D model covering 156 km2. The final five-cluster 3-D model differentiates between clay materials and different high-resistivity materials from information held in the resistivity model and borehole observations, respectively.

AB - We present an automatic method for parameterization of a 3-D model of the subsurface, integrating lithological information from boreholes with resistivity models through an inverse optimization, with the objective of further detailing of geological models, or as direct input into groundwater models. The parameter of interest is the clay fraction, expressed as the relative length of clay units in a depth interval. The clay fraction is obtained from lithological logs and the clay fraction from the resistivity is obtained by establishing a simple petrophysical relationship, a translator function, between resistivity and the clay fraction. Through inversion we use the lithological data and the resistivity data to determine the optimum spatially distributed translator function. Applying the translator function we get a 3-D clay fraction model, which holds information from the resistivity data set and the borehole data set in one variable. Finally, we use k-means clustering to generate a 3-D model of the subsurface structures. We apply the procedure to the Norsminde survey in Denmark, integrating approximately 700 boreholes and more than 100 000 resistivity models from an airborne survey in the parameterization of the 3-D model covering 156 km2. The final five-cluster 3-D model differentiates between clay materials and different high-resistivity materials from information held in the resistivity model and borehole observations, respectively.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84908682158&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5194/hess-18-4349-2014

DO - 10.5194/hess-18-4349-2014

M3 - Article

SN - 1027-5606

VL - 18

SP - 4349

EP - 4362

JO - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

JF - Hydrology and Earth System Sciences

IS - 11

ER -