Influence of frozen storage on herbicide degradation capacity in surface and subsurface sandy soils

Sarah K. Mortensen, Carsten S. Jacobsen

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

25 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The degradation of MCPA and metribuzin was investigated in laboratory batch experiments using fresh and frozen-stored soil samples from the unsaturated zone of a sandy soil. Mineralization potentials measured in fresh and frozen-stored soils were similar, and mineralization kinetics in surface and subsurface soils could be fitted using the same kinetic models. MCPA mineralization data from all three horizons were best described with the exponential growth form of the three-half-order model. During the mineralization of MCPA, growth in MCPA-degrading microbial populations was confirmed by increases in the abundance of tfdA genes following MCPA exposure. In contrast to MCPA, metribuzin mineralization followed zero-order kinetics, and very little metribuzin was mineralized (<1%) in all three of the investigated soil horizons. In addition, metribuzin dissipation and metabolite formation were also measured in surface and subsurface soils using LC-MS/MS. Differences in metribuzin dissipation were observed in the A-horizon at the beginning of the experiment and resulted in substantially different 50% disappearance time, DT 50, values for frozen-stored (36 days) and fresh (<15 days) soil samples. However, the % of metribuzin remaining in fresh and frozen-stored surface soils was comparable from day 37 and thereafter.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)6625-6632
Antal sider8
TidsskriftEnvironmental Science & Technology
Vol/bind38
Udgave nummer24
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 15 dec. 2004

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  • Programområde 2: Vandressourcer

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