Inferred Palaeoproterozoic arc rifting along a consuming plate margin: insights from the stratigraphy, volcanology and geochemistry of the Kangerluluk sequence, southeast Greenland

W.U. Mueller, J. Dostal, H. Stendal

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

15 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The 200- to 300-m-thick volcano-sedimentary sequence in the Kangerluluk Fjord, associated with pene-contemporaneous and late-tectonic dykes, as well as a synvolcanic plutonic suite, represents an integral component of the Palaeoproterozoic Ketilidian Mobile Belt, south Greenland. The ca. 1808-Ma Kangerluluk supracrustal sequence contains four distinct mappable lithofacies: (a) a conglomerate-sandstone lithofacies; (b) a pyroclastic lithofacies; (c) a volcanic lithofacies; and (d) a peperite lithofacies. The volcanic lithofacies, up to 200 m thick, is characterized by shallow-water subaqueous brecciated and pillowed flows. Flows are either (a) feldspar-phyric, or (b) feldspar-pyroxene-phyric, with 0.2- to 3-cm-size plagioclase and 0.2- to 3-cm-size pyroxene that constitute between 20 and 30% (locally up to 50%) of the flows. Mafic dykes intruded wet unconsolidated pyroclastic lithofacies, resulting in the formation of peperites. Geochemically, the volcanic and pyroclastic units represent a distinct tholeiitic magmatic suite enriched in incompatible trace elements including Th, La, Yb, Zr and Nb, and exhibiting (La/Yb) n∼10. The plutonic suite and associated dykes display a calc-alakaline trend with enriched LREE and unfractionated flat HREE patterns, La n ranging between 50 and 100, (La/Yb) n ratios between 8 and 22, and negative Nb and Ti anomalies on the mantle-normalized, incompatible multi-element patterns. The pillowed flows lie in the continental flood basalt field on the Y-Nb-Zr discrimination diagram, and display a Nb anomaly and K 2O-enrichment that collectively suggest a crustal component and/or a subduction-modified mantle source. The geology, stratigraphy of the Kangerluluk area and geochemistry can be used to infer a change in magma genesis from arc to rift volcanism. The 1850- to 1800-Ma calc-alkaline Julianehåb batholith represents a magmatic arc that rifted during crustal extension, allowing for the ascent of mantle-derived mafic magma. The geochemistry of the mafic volcanic flows, synvolcanic dykes and pyroclastic deposits favours a crustal component in magma genesis, and offers new insights into the tectonic evolution of the Ketilidian Mobile Belt.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)209-230
Antal sider22
TidsskriftInternational Journal of Earth Sciences
Vol/bind91
Udgave nummer2
DOI
StatusUdgivet - mar. 2002

Programområde

  • Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer

Fingeraftryk

Dyk ned i forskningsemnerne om 'Inferred Palaeoproterozoic arc rifting along a consuming plate margin: insights from the stratigraphy, volcanology and geochemistry of the Kangerluluk sequence, southeast Greenland'. Sammen danner de et unikt fingeraftryk.

Citationsformater