Ice stream reorganization and glacial retreat on the northwest Greenland shelf

A.M.W. Newton, P.C. Knutz, M. Huuse, P. Gannon, S.H. Brocklehurst, O.R. Clausen, Y. Gong

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

20 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Understanding conditions at the grounding-line of marine-based ice sheets is essential for understanding ice sheet evolution. Offshore northwest Greenland, knowledge of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) ice sheet extent in Melville Bugt was previously based on sparse geological evidence. This study uses multibeam bathymetry, combined with 2-D and 3-D seismic reflection data, to present a detailed landform record from Melville Bugt. Seabed landforms include mega-scale glacial lineations, grounding-zone wedges, iceberg scours, and a lateral shear margin moraine, formed during the last glacial cycle. The geomorphology indicates that the LGM ice sheet reached the shelf edge before undergoing flow reorganization. After retreat of ~80 km across the outer shelf, the margin stabilized in a mid-shelf position, possibly during the Younger Dryas (12.9–11.7 ka). The ice sheet then decoupled from the seafloor and retreated to a coast-proximal position. This landform record provides an important constraint on deglaciation history offshore northwest Greenland.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)7826-7835
Antal sider10
TidsskriftGeophysical Research Letters
Vol/bind44
Udgave nummer15
DOI
StatusUdgivet - 16 aug. 2017

Programområde

  • Programområde 3: Energiressourcer

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