Changes in glacier mass balance and consequent changes in glacier margins and land-ice volumes are among the most important consequences of future climate change in Iceland, Greenland and some glaciated watersheds in Scandinavia. Global sea level rise, observed since the beginning of the 20th century, is to a large extent caused by an increased flux of meltwater and icebergs from glaciers, ice caps and ice sheets. The increased flux of meltwater from land-ice has, apart from rising sea levels, potential global effects through the global ocean thermohaline circulation. It has also local effects on river and groundwater hydrology of watersheds adjacent to the glacier margins, with societal implications for many inhabited areas.
|Titel||Climate change and energy systems|
|Undertitel||Impacts, risks and adaptation in the Nordic and Baltic countries|
|Redaktører||Thorsteinn Thorsteinsson, Halldór Björnsson|
|Forlag||Nordic Council of Ministers|
|Status||Udgivet - 2012|
- Programområde 5: Natur og klima