Geotechnical Properties of Sandy Seafloors and the Consequences for Dynamic Penetrometer Interpretations: Quartz Sand Versus Carbonate Sand

N. Stark, R. Wilkens, V. B. Ernstsen, M. Lambers-Huesmann, S. Stegmann, A. Kopf

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

37 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

The societal usage of coastal zones (including offshore wind energy plants, waterway deepening, beach conservation and restoration) is of emerging importance. Sediment dynamics in these areas result in sandy deposits due to strong tidal and wave action, which is difficult to simulate in laboratory geotechnical tests. Here, we present data from in situ penetrometer tests using the lightweight, free-fall Nimrod penetrometer and complementary laboratory experiments to characterize the key physical properties of sandy seafloors in areas dominated by quartzose (North Sea, Germany) and calcareous (Hawaii, USA) mineralogy. The carbonate sands have higher friction angles (carbonate: 31-37°; quartz: 31-32°) and higher void ratios (carbonate: 1.10-1.40; quartz: 0.81-0.93) than their siliceous counterparts, which have partly been attributed to the higher angularity of the coral-derived particles. During the in situ tests, we consistently found higher sediment strength (expressed in deceleration as well as in estimated quasi-static bearing capacity) in the carbonate sand (carbonate: 68-210 g; quartz: 25-85 g), which also showed a greater compressibility. Values were additionally affected by seafloor inclination (e. g., along a sub-aqueous dune or a channel), or layering in areas of sediment mobilization (by tides, shorebreak or currents). The study shows that the differences in in situ measured penetration profiles between carbonate sands and quartz sands are supported by the laboratory results and provide crucial information on mobile layers overlying sands of various physical properties.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)1-14
Antal sider14
TidsskriftGeotechnical and Geological Engineering
Vol/bind30
Udgave nummer1
DOI
StatusUdgivet - feb. 2012

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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