Geology of an Archaean accretionary complex - The structural record of burial and return flow in the Tartoq Group of South West Greenland

Alexander F.M. Kisters, Vincent J. van Hinsberg, Kristoffer Szilas

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftArtikelForskningpeer review

38 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

This study presents structural and petrographic data from supracrustal slivers and associated TTG rocks of the Mesoarchaen Tartoq Group in southwestern Greenland that point to the burial and subsequent return flow of the mainly metamafic supracrustal and TTG rocks during subduction-accretion along an obliquely convergent margin. Locally preserved high-grade metamorphic, up to lower granulite-facies fabrics record the burial of the supracrustal rocks to depths >25. km during southeast-directed subduction. Retrograde amphibolite- and regionally widespread greenschist-facies fabrics and structures indicate the subsequent exhumation of the rocks. Pro- and retrograde fabrics are largely coaxial, but retrograde fabrics record a reversal of shear and uniformly developed top-to-the east and southeast kinematics along extensional shear zones and overprinting brittle-ductile fault zones. Extensional shearing and the concomitant retrogression are interpreted to be related to the northwest-directed expulsion of the rocks in the subduction channel. Intrusive relationships between supracrustal slivers and TTG's, leucogranites and pegmatites document the synkinematic emplacement of voluminous felsic magmas throughout this structural evolution.While the structural evolution of rocks of the Tartoq Group shows the salient attributes of a modern convergent margin, high-. T metamorphism, pervasive ductile strains, partial melting of the supracrustal rocks and syntectonic intrusion of voluminous granitoids are interpreted to reflect processes operating in a hotter, Archaean subduction zone. Slab melting and the formation of granitoids at relatively shallow depths in the subduction zone channel move the magmatic front to the fore-arc region of the convergent margin. The emplacement of felsic melts, low strength and progressive disintegration of the downgoing slab choke subduction. This has most likely resulted in only irregular and shortlived subduction disrupted by episodes of slab break off and subduction step back, promoting tectonomagmatic accretion of TTG-greenstones at relatively shallow levels, but preventing subduction of rocks to larger depths. This mode of shallow structural and magmatic accretion leads to lateral crustal growth, documented by the at least 80. km wide accretionary complex of the Tartoq Group.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Sider (fra-til)107-122
Antal sider16
TidsskriftPrecambrian Research
Vol/bind220-221
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2012

Programområde

  • Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer

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