Geological map of Greenlad 1:100 000. Ivigtut 61 V.1 Syd. Descriptive text. The orgogenic and cratogenic geology of a Precambrian shield area.

Asger Berthelsen, Niels Henriksen

    Publikation: Kort eller kortbeskrivelseGeologisk kort eller kortbeskrivelse

    Abstrakt

    The Ivigtut region forms part of the Precambrian shield of Greenland. The region includes the northern boundary zone of the Ketilidian fold belt (1800 m.y.) of south Greenland, and in the foreland area to the north two pre-Ketilidian orogenies can be distinguished. The oldest orogeny (Senilian) is characterised by alpinotype structures and the high grade metamorphism and migmatisalion of a sequence of gneisses and amphibolites. The younger orogeny (Maturian) influenced a post-Senilian supracrustal sequence and led to reactivation of the adjacent Senilian basement rocks; low- to medium-grade metamorphic con di lions were reached in the northernmost part of the lvigtut region.

    Swarms of basic dykes (Iggavik dykes) were emplaced under cratogenic conditions after the Maturian orogeny, but prior to the deposition of Ketilidian supracrustal rocks which rest unconformably on the pre-Ketilidian basement.

    The Ketilidian supracrustals are weakly deformed and metamorphosed in the north but towards the south both these and the underlying gneisses are increasingly affected by the Ketilidian deformation and plutonism, and the original unconformity between pre- Kelilidian gneisses and Ketilidian supracrustals is obliterated. This change is accompanied by an increase in metamorphic grade from low greenschist facies to amphibolite facies. A series of autochthonous to allochthonous Ketilidian granites occur in abundance in the southern part of the lvigtut region.

    The cratogenic Gardar period in the Ivigtut region (> 1250 m.y.) encompasses formation of intrusive complexes, emplacement of numerous swarms of dykes of various composition and extensive faulting activity.

    Intrusion of Mesozoic basic dykes and sills reflects the latest pre-Quaternary events.
    OriginalsprogEngelsk
    UdgiverGrønlands Geologiske Undersøgelse
    Antal sider169
    DOI
    StatusUdgivet - 1975

    Programområde

    • Programområde 4: Mineralske råstoffer

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