Fully automated analysis of chemical and physical properties of individual mineral species in heavy mineral sands by computer controlled scanning electron microscopy (CCSEM)

D. Frei, C. Knudsen, R.K. McLimans, S. Bernstein

Publikation: Bidrag til bog/rapport/konferenceproceedingsKonferenceartikel i proceedings

4 Citationer (Scopus)

Abstrakt

Computer Controlled Scanning Electron Microscopy (CCSEM) is used to analyze indivdual mineral fractions in heavy mineral sands. CCSEM is a fully automated particle analysis technique for the determination of physical and chemical properties of a large number of individual particles. CCSEM enables the precise and accurate determination of the modal abundances of individual mineral fractions (e.g. ilmenite, rutile, zircon, or garnet), their average chemical composition (and compositional variation), as well as their physical properties such as size (e.g. diameter and perimeter length) and shape (aspect ratio and circularity). A unique sample preparation procedure is used to produce representative polished sections from cylinders of raw sand samples such that thousands of grains are present in a polished cross section, but grains are not touching. The combination of this sample preparation technique with CCSEM enables the fully automated analysis of individual grains without the application of de-agglomeration or erosion steps to separate touching particles. Hence, CCSEM yields information representative of the entire area of analyzed grains without systematic bias due to neglect of rim areas by deagglomeration or erosion steps. Therefore, the resulting data are determined with high accuracy, precision and statistical validity. Because the sample preparation is relatively straightforward, using raw sand samples, and all chemical and physical properties are determined in one analytical session per sample, CCSEM is a powerful cost and time efficient tool for characterizing chemical and physical properties of minerals in heavy mineral sand deposits.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
TitelHeavy Minerals 2005. Conference Proceedings
RedaktørerM. Akser, J. Elder
ForlagSociety for Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration
Sider103-108
Antal sider6
ISBN (Trykt)0873352459, 9780873352451
StatusUdgivet - 2005
BegivenhedHeavy Minerals 2005 - Ponte Vedra, Jacksonville, Florida
Varighed: 16 okt. 200519 okt. 2005

Konference

KonferenceHeavy Minerals 2005
ByPonte Vedra, Jacksonville, Florida
Periode16/10/0519/10/05

Programområde

  • Programområde 5: Natur og klima

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